Land Tenure in Indonesia based on Basic Agrarian Law (BAL)

Land tenure is a legal relationship that gives an authority to do something to the legal subject (person/corporation) to the legal object, namely the land under their controlled.

BAL is the law number 5 year 1960. It was started prevailing on September 24th, 1960. It terminated the colonial law and also ended the dualistic or pluralistic in the law system in Indonesia.
Before BAL, furthermore before Indonesia was born, the land was regulated by colonial land law and the customary land law.

The Hierarcy of Land Tenure in Indonesia based on BAL:
1. The right of the Nation (article 1)
2. The right of the state (article 2)
3. The communal right of Land (article 3)
4. The Individual rights of the Land
a. The Primary/original Land Rights
1. The right of the ownership (Hak Milik)
2. The right of Building (Hak Guna Bangunan)
3. The right of Exploitation (HGU)
4. The right of Use (Hak Pakai)
5. The right of Management (Hak Pengelolaan)
b. The secondary/derivative land rights
1. The right of Building (Hak Guna Bangunan)
2. The right of Use (Hak Pakai)
3. The right of Leases (Hak Sewa)
4. The right of Sharecropping (Hak Bagi Hasil)
5. The right of the Land Pledge (Hak Gadai)
6. The rihgt of lodging (Hak Menumpang)
7. The security Right of Land

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